Ceramic Field Identification
BACKGROUND | CHRONOLOGY
PERIOD: Late Pueblo III – Pueblo IV
DATES: A.D. 1260 – 1350
See Ware Description, except:
Temper: Consists of multi-lithic sands (monocrystalline and polycrystalline quartzs, chert, twinned and stained feldspar, and microline. Variable amounts of poorly sorted crushed sherd may be present.
Core: Pink to tan, occasionally buff or gray
Texture Core: Fine
Surface Color: pink through red and orange to tan
Vessel Forms: Bowls, jars, laddles
Paint: Black to brown consisting of manganese-iron with an organic binder; white-highly variable-likely kaolin.
Design: A thick banding line is present just below the rim, which is outlined with a narrow white line, sometimes on both edges, sometimes on the lower edge only. The banding line often possesses a break. A thin line frames the central design. Design elements include triangles, serrate lines, interlocking keys, interlocking hatched and solid spirals. Bowls – exterior and interior; Jars – exterior only, in same style as bowls.
Range: Middle Little Colorado River Valley, near Winslow, Arizona and Petrified Forest area east of Holbrook; frequent through trade at Chavez Pass; infrequent but regularly occuring in Verde Valley, Perry Mesa, and Phoenix Basin.
Cultural Association: Western Pueblo
Authored by: Erick M. Laurila
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