Ceramic Field Identification Manual
Agua Fria National Monument Project

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Tuwiuca Black-on-orange


PERIOD: Late Pueblo III – Pueblo IV

DATES: A.D. 1260 – 1350

Tuwiuca Black-on-orange - DESCRIPTION

See Ware Description, except:

Temper: Consists of multi-lithic sands (monocrystalline and polycrystalline quartzs, chert, twinned and stained feldspar, and microline. Variable amounts of poorly sorted crushed sherd may be present.

Core: Pink to tan to buff

Surface Color: Orange to tan to ochre

Vessel Forms: Bowls, jars, ladles

Paint: Black to brown mineral paint composed of manganese with an organic binder.

Design: Exterior of jars and interior of bowls; a thick banding line is present just below the rim. A thin line frames the central design field. Design elements include triangles, serrate lines, hatching, interlocking keys, interlocking hatched and solid spirals.

Range: Middle Little Colorado River Valley, near Winslow, Arizona and Petrified Forest area east of Holbrook; frequent through trade at Chavez Pass; infrequent but regularly occuring in Verde Valley, Perry Mesa, and Phoenix Basin.

Cultural Association: Western Pueblo

Authored by: Erick M. Laurila

Authored by: 2005 NAU Ceramic Analysis class and Prof. Kelley Hays-Gilpin
Northern Arizona University - Anthropology Department

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